overworked, stress, HPA-D, HPA axis

HPA axis dysregulation (Adrenal Fatigue)

Most people are familiar with the term Adrenal Fatigue. Adrenal Fatigue is the common term we use for HPA (hypothalamic pituitary adrenal) axis dysregulation. HPA-D is typically due to our modern diet and high-stress culture. These modern stressors affect our HPA axis, which in turn affects nearly every organ & system of the body, including the gut, brain, thyroid, metabolism, catabolism & reproductive system.

overworked, stress

There are 4 major triggers that lead to HPA axis Dysregulation

  1. Inflammation (food sensitivities, dysbiosis etc)
  2. Insulin resistance/poor blood sugar control
  3. Circadian rhythm disruption (not enough daylight, too much light at night)
  4. Chronic stress (real or perceived)

Our body’s protective response to chronic stress is complex. Some of those processes related to HPA-D are:

  1. It down regulates our HPA axis, therefore decreasing our ability to produce cortisol
  2. Cortisol resistance due to decreased sensitivity in cortisol receptors (a reaction to chronic excess)
  3. Decreased bio-availability of cortisol tissue

Other risk factors for HPA-D include: poor diet, stimulants (caffeine, sugar etc.), exhaustive exercise, physical injury, toxins, chronic infections (H.Pylori etc), & autoimmune conditions. Basically all variations of chronic stress on the body.

What can we do?

  1. Diet: Reduce caffeine, avoid sugar, grains and dairy (all 3 are inflammatory) as well as any foods you suspect you may be sensitive to. Optimize you digestion by reducing liquids at meal time, chewing thoroughly and focusing on your food.
  2. Liver Support: Our liver detoxes, produces hormones, regulates various processes, transforms and/or synthesizes nearly everything our body use. Eat cruciferous vegetables and drink lemon water daily,
  3. Immune Support: Licorice root to increase 1/2 life of cortisol (therefore cortisol takes longer to clear the blood). B-vitamins (esp-B5), vitamin C, omega 3 fats,
  4. Reduce Stress: Rest, make time for you and the things that restore & recharge you.
  5. Sleep: Ensure your bedroom is dark, remove electronics, and avoid electronics entirely 1-2 hours before bed. Make sure you get 8 hours sleep. If you don’t feel tired, make a tea, grab a book and go to bed anyway. Or meditate until you’re suddenly asleep (my personal favorite). You can also check out this post for other ideas!fatigue, exhausted

If you suspect you might have adrenal fatigue, and not sure where to start, we can work together to get things turned around!

cholesterol city, animal products, meats, trans fats, refined carbs, processed foods

What’s the Deal with Cholesterol?

cholesterol city, animal products, meats, trans fats, refined carbs, processed foods

cholesterol city

Cholesterolis a waxy substance found naturally in the blood. Predominantly produced in the liver, but also found in animal products, refined carbohydrates & trans fats. There are 2 types of cholesterol: LDL (low density lipoproteins) & HDL (high density lipoproteins).

HDL, known as the “good cholesterol,” picks up cholesterol from the blood and delivers it to cells that use it, or takes it back to the liver to be recycled or eliminated from the body. LDL is commonly known as the “bad” cholesterol because it transports cholesterol from the liver throughout the body, and potentially allows it to be deposited in artery walls.

If your LDL levels are too high, the excess will build up on artery walls, causing a hardening of the arteries (atherosclerosis). This buildup also narrows the arteries, slowing or blocking the flow of oxygen-carrying blood to the heart, which can manifest as chest pain. If blood flow to the heart is cut off because of clogged arteries, the result is damage to the heart muscle – a heart attack.

Common risk factors for high cholesterol are genetic predisposition, diet, smoking, excess alcohol intake, obesity, high blood pressure and physically inactivity.

There is some debate over whether high cholesterol is in itself a cause of heart disease, or a symptom of an inflammatory condition that is the true cause of heart disease. According to the latter theory, chronically high levels of inflammation create small lesions on the arterial walls. The body then sends LDL to heal those lesions, but it ultimately accumulates and oxidizes, causing blockages. From this perspective, the best lifestyle approach to lower cardiovascular disease risk is to lower inflammation in the body rather than LDL levels.

So which theory do we address? Hey, why not both? 

If you’re looking to lower your cholesterol, here are some surefire ways to get your levels to a healthy place:

Plant based foods

Plant based foods

Eat more plant based foods – Animal products are where we find most of our dietary cholesterol. It’s also inflammatory. I can’t deny there are important nutrients found in meat, but we typically eat way too much. Instead of eating meat 14 meals per week, try 5 meals per week, and buy local, ethically raised, antibiotic-free, grass fed products.

Reduce sugar and flour, aka refined carbs from diet. They contribute to poor cholesterol levels by lowering HDL and also increase triglyceride levels.

Avoid trans fats (they increase LDL and reduce HDL). Trans-fats are found in many brands of margarine and in most heavily processed foods, as well as in snack foods such as chips, crackers and cookies, and in the oils used to cook fast-food french fries, doughnuts and movie popcorn. Basically any commercial oils.

Eat plenty of soluble fiber. Oats, slippery elm powder, flax seed, psyllium seeds, apple, citrus fruits, peas, carrots and ground flax seed are all good sources of soluble fiber, which has a powerful cholesterol-lowering effect by encouraging excretion.

More Omega 3 to reduce inflammation & raise HDL levels – Omega3 has been shown to lower triglyceride (blood fat) levels, minimize inflammation and clotting, and increase HDL levels. You can find it in deep sea oily fish (Salmon, Snapper, Mackerel, Anchovies, Cod, Sardines, Halibut), chia & flax seed, hemp hearts, walnuts, soybeans & grass fed animal products

Liver Support: Start each day with a half a lemon squeezed into some warm water first thing in the morning. This stimulates liver and gall bladder function, cleanses the bowel and primes digestion for the day. Eat plenty of antioxidant foods like cruciferous vegetables, dark leafy greens and any other dark colored fruits & vegetables.

Move your body Exercise increases HDL levels, improves circulation & exercises your heart.

Get Sunshine Sunshine converts LDL to vitamin D, which in turn lowers inflammation, which as we know can be part of the problem in the first place.

Stress-reduction Stress can prompt the body to release fat into the bloodstream, raising cholesterol levels. Try breathing exercises, yoga, meditation, hiking or whatever helps bring you peace.

CoQ10 This powerful antioxidant benefits heart health by protecting LDL from oxidation and by re-energizing the mitochondria in the heart cells, which is where energy metabolism occurs. CoQ10 can also help lower blood pressure. CoQ10 can be taken as a supplement or found in organ meats, soybeans, parsley, broccoli, cauliflower, spinach, strawberries & sweet potato.

Lose the extra weight – I put this last because once you start doing the above, this will start to happen naturally

Remember, patience is key. Real, lasting change doesn’t happen overnight. Start with one change and give yourself the time to successfully integrate it into your routine permanently. Once you feel it’s taken hold, try another. Treating your life routine (diet, lifestyle etc.) like an Etch-a-sketch and changing everything at a whim is violent and destabilizing for your body’s internal environment (aka homeostasis).

Trust that once you start giving the body what it needs, it will start to dissolve that plaque buildup.

An excerpt from the wheat belly blog“Note that recent weight loss causes an initial drop in HDL, sometimes dramatic, that “rebounds” over time. HDL can also respond slowly. A typical response, for example, for a 240 pound man who starts with an HDL value of 35 mg/dl would be a drop to 27 mg/dl while losing 40 pounds, rebounding to 40 mg/dl 3 months after weight loss has ceased, then 63 mg/dl 1-2 years later.” The takeaway? Change takes time, and it’s not always linear.

plant loveFancy some guidance or support? Come and see me! 

Together, we’ll make managing your cholesterol as easy and as effective as possible.

zinc testing clothing swap

Clothing Swap, Zinc Testing & Prizes!!

Next weekend is Sage’s annual clothing swap!

Have you gone through your closets yet??

Sage Ottawa's Annual Clothing Swap

So many local shops have donated prizes for us to raffle off (Rama Lotus passes, Pure Yoga passes, gift certificates to Jet Black hair studio, ISÖ spa, Herb & Spice and more), it’s going to be a good time!!

I’m also going to be offering zinc testing during the swap, so be sure to swing on by and check those zinc levels!

Test your Zinc levels

All proceeds from the swap will be going to Hopewell, an eating disorder support center in Ottawa.

If you have clothing donations please bring them before that day (we won’t be excepted the day of the swap; there’s just too much going on and we don’t have time to go through it😬)

I hope to see you there!!! Xo

Spring is a Time for Change

There’s something about spring that always inspires me to create change. This year I’ve been thinking about my strategy towards my nutrition career and wanted to make some changes that might help things flow more effortlessly.

I’ve been having some conversations with people around social media lately, and while I do enjoy having an online presence, I’ve decided to merge my nutrition account on Instagram with my personal account for simplicity. My food posts will now be on my personal account (wildling83), along with my personal posts, which will in turn give my nutrition contacts a more well-rounded picture of who I am, instead of just one aspect. Seems less fragmented.

Then there’s Facebook. I have a page I use largely for posting my Instagram photos, and also sharing the odd nutrition article I find interesting. I’, thinking of movingthat to my personal page as well. Good idea? Bad idea? Let me know what you think!

Nutritional Support for Pregnancy

Life has been pretty exciting lately. Major highlight: my best friend of over 2 decades is expecting! It’s such a trip. I’ve had other friends have children over the last decade or so, but nothing has felt quite like this. We grew up together, shared so many experiences together, and have become so close. It’s the most excited I’ve ever been about it, and it’s inspired me to post some tips for all the mamas-to-be out there. During your pregnancy, eating healthy is more important than ever, but it doesn’t have to be complicated.

Nutrients

  • Quality Protein: Most women need around 80 grams of protein every day for a healthy pregnancy. It’s literally the building blocks for you and your baby.
  • Healthy Fats: Consuming adequate fats is absolutely vital to baby’s organ and brain development. Also a fat-rich diet will help to reduce stretch marks!
  • Vegetables and Fruits: Vegetables and fruits have a variety of vitamins, minerals and fiber that are helpful during pregnancy. Eating a varied diet including lots of green leafy vegetables can also help raise Vitamin K levels.
  • Water: A woman’s blood volume increases during pregnancy, and her body needs to supply fluid to replenish the amniotic fluid the baby is in. Drinking enough water (around a gallon a day) can help fight off morning sickness and also helps prevent constipation and make sure mom and baby are properly hydrated.
  • Probiotics: Best obtained from fermented foods like kimchi, sauerkraut, kefir or kombucha. Babies are born with a sterile gut and rely on mom’s bacteria to get them going. Don’t underestimate the importance of this. We are only cracking the surface as to what our bacteria does for us (help digest food, create nutrients, send messages to our nervous system) . There are some major medical conditions out there (autism being one of them) that are linked to poor gut bacteria.
  • Omega-3s, DHA, RHA– Adequate good fats are absolutely essential for baby’s development. You can find them in cold water fatty fish like salmon, fresh tuna, or sardines, as well as chia, flax or hemp seeds. It can be hard to to get enough from diet on a regular basis, so you may want to supplement with Cod Liver Oil which also contains vitamin A & D (find a reputable brand).
  • Folate– Well known for its preventative effects against spina bifida and other developmental struggles, folate is another important supplement. Some foods rich in folate are lentils, broccoli, avocado & dark leafy greens.
  • Iron– Anemia can cause serious complications during delivery, and is easy to prevent. You can take a high quality supplement or try cooking with cast iron pans, eating red meat/grass fed liver, beans, pumpkin seeds, molasses and dark leafy greens to help optimize iron levels.
  • Vitamin D – Important for development, you can supplement or get it through sunlight, red meat, fatty fish, mushrooms, cheese, or egg yolks.

Foods

  • Chia & Hemp Seeds: Great sources of Omega 3, fiber, fat, and protein. Will also help keep your colon cleared out, making room for your baby/reducing discomfort.
  • Berries (especially blueberries): Rich in antioxidants, which are important during pregnancy because they reduce oxidative stress. They’re also low in sugar – Bonus!
  • Leafy Greens: Lots of what you need is packed into these foods. They’re rich in folate, easily digested fiber, high in antioxidants, calcium, iron, and much more.
  • Avocados: High in healthy fats, fiber, B-vitamins (including folate), calcium & potassium
  • Lentils: High in protein, fiber and iron!
  • Pumpkin seeds: High in B-vitamins (especially folate), calcium, iron, magnesium, zinc and much more!
  • Sauerkraut: A tablespoon or 2 daily would be a fantastic source of probiotics.  It’s high in fiber, as well as vitamin A, C, K, and B vitamins. It’s also a good source of iron, manganese, copper, sodium, magnesium, and calcium, in addition to contributing a moderate amount of protein to your diet. It’s super easy to make too!

A quick word about supplements

Supplements are not regulated. Many of them are synthetic/unnatural and so the bio-availability is highly questionable. It’s always better to get your nutrition from real, whole food. But life is not perfect, I get it. I take fish oil daily, B vitamins when life is extra busy and multi-vitamins when I don’t make the best food choices. If you decide to supplement, please take a moment to research the brand you’re buying from; don’t buy blindly.

Nutrition Aside..

It’s important to do whatever you can to embody wellness as you start to prepare for the arrival of this tiny human. Some suggestions would be:

  • Take the time to make space (mentally, emotionally & physically)
  • Prioritize sufficient down time & relaxation
  • Get a massage (or give yourself one)
  • Check out some prenatal yoga classes
  • Connect with your baby (touch your belly, talk to them)
  • Download the “I’m expecting” app, which provides you with info on what stages your baby is at, and what food is a comparable size (My friend’s is currently the size of an onion!)
  • Build your support system. Friends and family (bonus if there’s someone who’s been through their own pregnancy, Midwives, and Doulas. Here are some Doula packages my friend Elizabeth Foster offers.

Last but not least, take it all in and enjoy the journey! What a beautiful thing it is to create life♥

How stress affects our Biology

Stress is often described as feeling overwhelmed, worried or run-down. It affects people of all ages, genders and circumstances and can lead to both physical and psychological health issues. By definition, stress is any uncomfortable “emotional experience accompanied by predictable biochemical, physiological and behavioral changes”. Some stress can be beneficial at times, producing a boost that provides the drive and energy to help people get through situations like exams or work deadlines. However, extreme and/or chronic stress can have health consequences and adversely affect our musculoskeletal, respiratory, cardiovascular, endocrine, digestive, nervous, reproductive & immune systems.

Musculoskeletal System

When the body is stressed, muscles tense up. Muscle tension is our reflex reaction to stress — the body’s way of guarding against injury and pain. Chronic stress causes the muscles in the body to be in a more or less constant state of guardedness. When muscles are tense for long periods of time, this may trigger other reactions of the body and even promote stress-related disorders. For example, both tension-type headache and migraine headache are associated with chronic muscle tension in the area of the shoulders, neck and head.
Individuals who are fearful of pain and re-injury, and who seek only a physical cause and cure for the injury, generally have a worse recovery than individuals who maintain a certain level of moderate activity. Muscle tension, and eventually, muscle atrophy due to disuse of the body, all promote chronic, stress-related musculoskeletal conditions.
Relaxation techniques have been shown to effectively reduce muscle tension, decrease the incidence of certain stress-related disorders, such as headache, and increase a sense of well-being.

Respiratory System

Stress can also cause our breathing to be shallow and irregular, and can lead to hyperventilation and panic attacks. Deep breathing helps us remain in a relaxed state and helps increase circulation in the body.

Cardiovascular

Chronic stress, or a constant stress experienced over a prolonged period of time, can contribute to long-term problems for heart and blood vessels. The consistent and ongoing increase in heart rate, and the elevated levels of stress hormones and of blood pressure, can take a toll on the body. This long-term ongoing stress can increase the risk for hypertension, heart attack or stroke.
Repeated acute stress and persistent chronic stress may also contribute to inflammation in the circulatory system, particularly in the coronary arteries, and this is one pathway that is thought to tie stress to heart attack. Daily movement & deep breathing promote healthy circulation; which helps to counter the effects of stress.

Endocrine

When the body is stressed, the hypothalamus signals the adrenal cortex to produce cortisol and the adrenal medulla to produce epinephrine. This starts the process that gives your body the energy to run from danger.

Digestion

Stomach

When you’re stressed, your brain becomes more alert to sensations in your stomach. Your stomach can react with “butterflies” or even nausea or pain. You may vomit if the stress is severe enough. And, if the stress becomes chronic, you may develop ulcers or severe stomach pain even without ulcers.

Liver

When cortisol and epinephrine are released, the liver produces more glucose, a blood sugar that would give you the energy for “fight or flight” in an emergency. For most of you, if you don’t use all of that extra energy, the body is able to reabsorb the blood sugar, even if you’re stressed again and again. But for some people — especially people vulnerable to Type 2 diabetes — that extra blood sugar can mean diabetes.
Studies show that if you learn how to manage stress, you can control your blood sugar level as much as you could with medication.

Bowel

Stress can affect digestion, and what nutrients your intestines absorb. It can also affect how fast food moves through your body. You may find that you have either diarrhea or constipation.

Nervous System

When the body is stressed, the nervous system generates what is known as the “fight or flight” response. The body shifts all of its energy resources toward fighting off a life threat, or fleeing from an enemy. The nervous system signals the adrenal glands to release hormones called adrenaline and cortisol. These hormones cause the heart to beat faster, respiration rate to increase, blood vessels in the arms and legs to dilate, digestive process to change and glucose levels (sugar energy) in the bloodstream to increase to deal with the emergency.
This response is fairly sudden in order to prepare the body to respond to the situation at hand. Once the crisis is over, the body usually returns to the pre-emergency, unstressed state.
Experiencing stressors chronically over a prolonged period of time, can result in a long-term drain on the body. As the nervous system continues to trigger physical reactions, it causes a wear-and-tear on the body. It’s not so much what chronic stress does to the nervous system, but what continuous activation of the nervous system does to other bodily systems that become problematic.

Male Reproductive System

Excess amounts of cortisol can affect the normal biochemical functioning of the male reproductive system.
Chronic stress can affect testosterone production, sperm production and maturation, and even cause erectile dysfunction or impotence.
Also, when stress affects the immune system, the body can become vulnerable to infection. In the male anatomy, infections to the testes, prostate gland and urethra, can affect normal male reproductive functioning.

Female Reproductive System

Menstruation
Stress may affect menstruation in several ways. For example, high levels of stress are associated with absent or irregular menstrual cycles, more painful periods and changes in the length of cycles.
Menopause
As menopause approaches, hormone levels fluctuate rapidly. These changes are associated with anxiety, mood swings and feelings of distress. Thus menopause can be a stressor in and of itself. Some of the physical changes associated with menopause, especially hot flashes, can be difficult to cope with. Furthermore, emotional distress may cause the physical symptoms to be worse. For example, women who are more anxious may experience an increased number of hot flashes and/or more severe or intense hot flashes.

Immune

Stress creates chronic inflammatory conditions throughout the body. This along with the issues stress causes in our other systems, creates an endless amount of work for our immune system, eventually weakening it over time.

How we respond to stressors makes a huge difference. Know what soothes your soul and make sure it’s part of your daily routine. For me that’s daily movement, being in nature, and time alone to unwind and reflect. In addition, support your body with the right foods & nutrients, and minimize your exposure to sugar, processed & fried foods that make your body’s job more difficult.

 

If you want to make some changes and need help getting started, send me a message here or book a nutrition & wellness assessment with me here.

The Importance of a Balanced Microbiome

80-85% of our immunity is located in our gut wall. Our microbiome is like the right hand of our immune system. If it’s compromised, then your immune system is left to do it’s job with one hand tied behind it’s back. On top of that, exposure to a whole host of toxic by-products from the opportunistic bacteria that is now dominating your gut keeps your immune system fighting an uphill battle. Eventually the gut becomes damaged and leaky, allowing invaders and undigested food to escape the gut and enter your blood stream – which your immune system also has to deal with, in addition to being malnourished, compromised, unbalanced and intoxicated. This is also how many allergies/intolerances develop. Good news is once you restore a healthy balance, those allergies/intolerances often disappear!

Here are some key reasons we must support our beneficial bacteria

1-Our healthy indigenous gut bacteria can neutralize many toxic substances (like nitrates, indoles, phenols etc), as well as chelating heavy metals and other poisons.

2-Antibiotics wipe out good and bad bacteria, but leave some microbes untouched (like Candida) allowing it opportunity to overgrow

3-Without protection from a health layer of beneficial bacteria, we become vulnerable to anything that comes along, as well as the opportunistic bacteria already present (which require management from beneficial bacteria otherwise they overgrow & wreak havoc)

4-When our beneficial bacteria is compromised, not only do we lose its protection, but also the nourishment it provides in assisting digestion, producing vitamins, hormones and neurotransmitters. Did you know our gut derives 60-70% of it’s energy from bacterial activity?

5-If our microbiome is damaged, the best foods and supplements you can buy may not be broken down, digested and absorbed.

6-Our beneficial bacteria produce a constant steady stream of K2, B1, B2, B3, B6, B12, amino acids, hormones, neurotransmitters and much more. Without a healthy colony, there will be periods in the day where you’ll be deficient, even with supplementation.

So what damages out gut?

1-Antibiotics (whether prescribed, in our meat, or sprayed onto our produce)

2-Chlorine in our tap water

3-Other prescription drugs (steroids, birth control, sleeping pills, heartburn medication)

4-Diet (sugar and processed carbs support fungi, parasites and opportunistic bacteria)

5-Chronic stress

6-Environmental pollution/toxins

Our bodies are all capable of dealing with a certain level of exposure (some more than others), but every body has a breaking point, and in our current modern day lifestyle, many bodies are chronically being pushed past theirs.

If you’d like to learn more, and find out how to support your own microbiome, check out some of my other posts here & here, or book an appointment with me here.

Overnight Oats- A Must-Have In Your Diet

Overnight Oats with persimmons

Overnight oats provide magnesium, fiber, plant-based protein, potassium, essential fatty-acids, and they contain absolutely no sugar. They’re also an excellent prebiotic, meaning it feeds the good bacteria and helps maintain healthy gut flora. This makes them a solid go-to for healthy morning meals and they’re super affordable. Soaking them overnight breaks down their starches which improves digestibility, and their natural phytic acid (which all plants contain) is greatly reduced which makes them more easily absorbed by your body.

 

 

Plus, they’re sooooo versatile. You can soak them in plain water, coconut cream, yogurt, coffee, combine them with fruit, chia hemp or flax seed, nut butters, coconut cream, pumpkin & top them with cinnamon or maca powder, cocoa powder, vanilla bean..the list goes on and on. This makes for limitless breakfast ideas, even for every single day of the year. See how many different variations you can come up with!

 

Overnight oats soaked in blended strawberries and coconut cream, topped with Banana

Remember to choose organic, old-fashioned rolled oats (gluten-free options are great too) when you can. Rolled oats are higher in fiber than instant or quick cook oats and will provide you with sustained energy for longer. Organic oats are a smart choice to reduce pesticide and other chemicals sprayed on crops, and gluten-free oats are great for sensitive digesters that don’t tolerate gluten very well.

 

Easy Overnight Oats Recipe:

 

Ingredients:

  • 1/2 cup old-fashioned rolled oats
  • 1 cup water or nut milk of choice
  • 1 tablespoon of chia seeds
  • 1 tablespoon hemp hearts
  • cinnamon (optional)
  • 1/3 cup unsweetened non-dairy yogurt
  • Toppings of choice (mashed banana plus coconut flour makes it taste like cake – just sayin’)

Directions:

Place all your ingredients in a jar or bowl, give them a stir, and soak covered overnight. Enjoy int he morning. Simple.

 

Try some overnight oats at home and let me know what fun flavor combos you come up with!

My go-to potluck dish: Chickpea Salad

This chickpea salad is one of the first recipes I learnt in my 20’s and it continues to me one of my top 5 go-to foods to bring to a potluck. It’s vegan, gluten free, and dairy free so most people are able to enjoy some. The flavor combination is really cool; every bite is a bit different.

Chickpeas are are an excellent source of plant-based protein, fiber, iron, zinc, phosphorus & B vitamins.

Goji berries are high in antioxidants, contain a wide range of phytonutrients (plant chemicals that have various benefits like reducing oxidative damage to our cells that can lead to various diseases) and contain a solid amount of iron, vitamin C and protein (18/20 amino acids).

The Salad

  • 1 19 oz can chickpeas, rinsed well
  • 1 or 2 clementines or mandarins, cut into pieces
  • ⅓ cup sliced almonds, dry roasted
  • ⅓ cup dried goji berries
  • ½ cup red onion, chopped fine
  • ½ cup parsley, chopped
The Dressing
  • 2 Tbsp apple cider vinegar
  • 1 Tbsp olive oil
  • Salt & Pepper to taste
Instructions
  1. In a dry skillet, quickly dry roast the almonds in a saucepan until golden.
  2. In a large bowl, combine all the salad ingredients.
  3. In a separate small bowl, mix together all the dressing ingredients with a fork and pour over salad.
  4. Mix well and store in fridge overnight.
  5. Enjoy 🙂